Cagliari is the capital city of the region of Sardinia and is situated right in the middle of the Angels Gulf, at the extreme south of the island. Spread out over an area descending towards the sea, Cagliari occupies a vast area that has come about due to the progressive sinking that, starting from the tertiary age, involved the Campidano plains.
A similar process enabled the formation of the salt lakes of Santa Gilla, Molentargius and Quartu that surround the city and make up humid zones of great natural interest.
Cagliari covers seven hills (Sant'Elia, Bonaria, Monte Urpinu, Castello, Monte Claro, Tuvixeddu, San Michele).
|The historical city centre is easily identifiable with the four neigbourhoods of Stampace, Villanova, Marina and Castello. It is blessed with a particularly comfortable climate, typically mediterranean (average yearly temperature 16.4°C), with hot and long summers (average temperature in July 25.2°C, mitigated by the north-eastern and westerly breezes) and mild winters (average temperature in January 9.5°C).
The city is the main economical, political, cultural and administrative centre of Sardinia, and is especially the main entrance to the island, with its passenger port, the industrial container port and the Elmas international airport